Role-based goal planning: A new approach to enhance participation of rehabilitation patients with severe acquired brain injury
Dungey, Kelly; Douglas, David; Pick, Valerie; New, Alison; Libera, Marilia; Burridge, Letitia
Objective: The purpose of this paper is to describe a novel approach to goal setting for people with very severe acquired brain injury (ABI) and who are participating in an extended inpatient rehabilitation program. This is the second paper that explores role-based goal planning after severe ABI and links to the associated article by Dungey who presents a conceptual framework for a new approach to goal setting with a severe ABI.
Process: The difficulties associated with function-based goal setting typically used in short stay rehabilitation services are described. This has led to the development of an approach to goal setting based on the nature of community participation that the injured person aspires to through the rehabilitation program. This level and form of participation is expressed as life roles. From these concepts of life role aspiration, specific functional goals were developed. The functional goals on which the patient and therapist work are derived primarily from the life role aspirations of the patient, and only secondarily from the impairments or functional deficits of the patient/injured person.
Conclusion: The described approach to goal setting based on life role aspiration (role-based goal setting) has been in use for 4 years, and a formal study of outcomes is underway. Anecdotal evidence suggests this approach is effective in severely injured patients requiring extended inpatient rehabilitation.